Long-term medical diseases, minor ailments, medications and psycho-social difficulties, including prior physical or sexual abuse, are risk factors. Gynecologic problems and cancers, including breast cancer, are also sources of sexual dysfunction. Patient education and reassurance, with early diagnosis and intervention, are essential for effective treatment.
Many problems can keep a woman from enjoying sex, including:
- Lack of sexual desire
- Inability to become aroused
- Lack of orgasm, or sexual climax
- Painful intercourse
These problems may have physical or psychological causes. Physical causes may include conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, nerve disorders or hormone problems. As with men, some drugs can also affect desire and function. Psychological causes may include work-related stress and anxiety, depression, or concerns about marriage or relationship problems. For some women, the problem results from past sexual trauma.
Occasional problems with sexual function are common. If problems last more than a few months or cause distress for you or your partner, you should see your healthcare provider.