Bladder spasms can cause cramping, burning pain as your bladder muscles involuntarily contract, and you’ll likely also feel an urgent need to urinate. Bladder spasms happen suddenly and can cause urine to leak from the bladder, which is called urinary incontinence. While some people may barely notice a spasm, others can experience intense pain and discomfort. You may even feel like you really need to urinate only to find that your bladder is almost empty.
Bladder spasms are often caused by:
- Overactive bladder (OAB)
- A urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Interstitial cystitis
- Catheter use
- Consuming too much alcohol or caffeine
- Certain medications
Bladder spasms can affect anyone at any age, but you’re more likely to experience bladder spasms with urinary incontinence if you’re elderly, overweight, pregnant, going through hormonal changes or have a neurologic disease. Incontinence can lead to embarrassing situations, but you shouldn’t be embarrassed by the condition itself. You may be surprised to learn that it’s actually very common and treatment options are available.
Treatments for bladder spasms and overactive bladder include:
- Dietary changes
- Biofeedback therapy
- Kegel exercises
- Medications to relax the bladder
There are a few simple things you can do to prevent bladder spasms as well. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages and caffeine, as these types of drinks cause you to urinate more often. You should also do your best to maintain a healthy weight, exercise regularly and do pelvic floor exercises. Try to limit fluid intake before bed and if you’re a smoker, quit smoking as soon as possible. Smoking tobacco irritates the bladder and can make your symptoms even worse.
Bladder spasms can be painful and they can certainly disrupt your day, but it’s possible to feel normal again with the right treatment plan. Don’t be afraid to discuss your symptoms with your urologist so you can get some much-needed relief.
At Arkansas Urology, we’re here for you. Our patients’ health has been and will always be our top priority! Do you need to schedule an appointment? Contact us today or book your appointment online.