The vasectomy procedure lasts only 30 to 45 minutes and requires one or two small incisions in the scrotum. Many men worry about the pain that may be involved with a vasectomy, but pain is minimal. There may be some pain during and following the operation, but ice packs, athletic support and mild medication should help.
In the weeks following the procedure, you can gradually become more active. After one week, you can have sex, but be sure to continue using birth control until you have taken a semen test to check for sperm.
Usually, the procedure does not result in any problems, and when problems do arise, they are minimal. For example, the incision may become infected, causing swelling and bleeding. If infection occurs, you may be prescribed an antibiotic.
A condition known as “congestive epididymitis,” characterized by a painful lump on the scrotum, develops in some men following a vasectomy. This usually goes away on its own and can be relieved with aspirin or Tylenol.